1 a forward on a soccer team
2 someone receiving intensive training for a naval technical rating
3 an employee on strike against an employer
4 someone who hits; "a hard hitter"; "a fine striker of the ball"; "blacksmiths are good hitters" [syn: hitter]
5 the part of a mechanical device that strikes something
- An individual who is on strike
- Someone or something that hits someone or something else
- Players on a team in football (soccer) in the row nearest to the opposing team's goal, who are therefore principally responsible for scoring goals.
- an 1800s baseball term meaning the batter
- The batsman who is currently facing the bowler and defending his wicket
Strikers, also known as forwards and attackers, and formerly inside forwards, are the players on a team in association football (soccer) in the row nearest to the opposing team's goal, who are therefore principally responsible for scoring goals.
The first striker: advanced forwards or target men
Modern team formations usually include one to three strikers; two is most common. Coaches typically field one striker who plays over the shoulder of the last defender (close to the opposing team's goal), and another attacking forward who plays somewhat deeper and assists in making goals as well as scoring.
The former is usually a large striker, typically known as a target man, who is used to win long balls or receive passes and "hold up" the ball as team-mates advance, to help team-mates score by providing a pass ('through ball' into the box), or to score himself; the latter variation usually requiring quicker pace. Less frequently, some strikers operate on the wings of the field and work their way goalward.
This very advanced position and its limited defensive responsibilities mean strikers normally score more goals than other players; accordingly, strikers are often among the best-known and most expensive players in their teams.
The centre forward, or an "out-and-out" striker, is normally the principal goal-scorer of a football team. Centre forwards act predominantly as "targets" or the focal point of an attack; it is the duty of the midfield to supply and to assist them to score.
Some centre forwards are goal poachers who work in and around the penalty area to snatch goals and who are sometimes referred to proverbially as a "fox in the box". These strikers are known for their positional sense and excellent reflexes. Other forwards may rely on their pace to latch on balls from outside the six-yard area. Other players rely on their excellent dribbling ability to pierce through opposition defences.
Another group of centre forwards are known as "target men" and are usually of above-average height, with good heading ability. They hold the ball up and bring other players into the game, scoring from crosses, often with the head, and use their body strength to shield the ball while turning to score. Centre forwards with exceptionally towering figures and accurate heading abilities also make great "target men".
Some notable "target-man" centre forwards include; Didier Drogba, Jan Vennegoor of Hesselink, Nikola Žigić, Emmanuel Adebayor and Luca Toni. Leading 'fox-in-the-box' players include Klaas-Jan Huntelaar, David Trezeguet, Miroslav Klose, Ruud van Nistelrooy, Raúl González, Filippo Inzaghi and Hernán Crespo where as strikers such as Alessandro Del Piero, Wayne Rooney, Patrick Kluivert, Dimitar Berbatov, Zlatan Ibrahimovic and Francesco Totti usually rely on their own technical skills to score goals. Strikers like Obafemi Martins, Andriy Shevchenko, Samuel Eto'o, Thierry Henry, Fernando Torres, David Villa, and Ronaldo use their pace to latch on to through balls.
The second striker: deeper lying attackersDeep-lying forwards have a long history in the game, but the terminology to describe them has varied over the years. Originally such players were termed inside forwards, or deep-lying centre forwards. More recently, two more variations of this old type of player have developed: the second or support or auxiliary striker and, in what is arguably a distinct position unto its own, being neither midfield nor attack the Number 10, or playmaker, an advanced as opposed to a deep-lying playmaker.
The second striker position is a loosely-defined and often misapplied one somewhere between the out-and-out striker, whether he is a target-man or more of a poacher, and the Number 10 or Trequartista, while possibly showing some of the characteristics of both. In fact a coined term, the "nine-and-a-half" has been an attempt to define the position. Conceivably, a Number 10 can alternate as a second-striker provided that he is also a prolific goalscorer, otherwise a striker (such as Del Piero or Raúl) who can both score and create opportunities for a less versatile centre forward is more suited. This has been true of a natural trequartista like Roberto Baggio who seldom played in a team formation which permitted him the creative license to play as a number 10 and so he adapted himself to the second-striker role. A second- or support-striker does not tend to get as involved in the orchestration of attacks, nor bring as many other players into play as the Number 10 since they do not have the range of vision, nor the burden of responsibility that the latter, around whom the team's game is built, possess. Accordingly, neither do they have as much responsibility for inventing the game.
Fantasista is a term also used to coin such players, and inspired a Japanese manga of the same name which described Fantasista as "a player who has creativity far beyond comparison and has the ability to turn games around with his high technique".
Notable examples of current second strikers include Robinho, Lionel Messi, Kaká, Wayne Rooney, Carlos Tevez, Del Piero, Francesco Totti and Ronaldinho. Historically influential "Number 10s" include Pele, Diego Maradona, Michel Platini, Gheorghe Hagi, Zico, Ferenc Puskas, Zinedine Zidane, Roberto Baggio, Johan Cruyff, Eduard Streltsov, Sandro Mazzola, Rivaldo and Dennis Bergkamp.
Successful attacks require the collaboration of many strikers, and goals can be made from the flanks or from the center, all in one movement. In the diagram shown, some of the most succesful strikers of the 20th century help to create a goal for a midfielder. The fast German winger Libuda starts the move by floating a long cross to Seeler at the far post. Seeler heads down for Muller, who plays it back to midfielder Overath for a goal. Though considered a center-forward, Seeler's dangerous aerial skills created countless chances for his teammates. Skillful combined play will see a center-forward switch to a supporting role as the situation demands.
The third striker: Wingers or flanking attackersA winger is an attacking player who is stationed in a wide position near the touchlines. They can be classified as forwards, considering their origin as the old "outside-forward" position, and continue to be termed as such in most parts of the world, especially in Latin and Dutch footballing cultures. However, in the Anglo-Saxon world, they are usually counted as part of the midfield.
It is a winger's duty to beat opposing fullbacks, deliver cut-backs or crosses from wide positions and, to a lesser extent, to beat defenders and score from close range They are usually some of the quickest players in the team and usually have good dribbling skills as well. In their Dutch, Spanish and Portuguese usage, the defensive duties of the winger have been usually confined to pressing the opposition fullbacks when they have the ball. Otherwise, a winger will drop closer to the midfield to make himself available, should his team win back the ball.
In British and other northern European styles of football, the wide-midfielder is expected to track back all the way to his own corner flag should his full-back require help, as well as tucking into the midfield when the more central players are trying to pressure the opposition for the ball, a huge responsibility for attack-orientated players, and particularly those like Joaquin (winger/wide midfielder) or Leo Messi (winger/second-striker) that lack the physical attributes of a wing-back or of a more orthodox midfield player. As these players grow older and lose their natural pace, they are frequently redeployed as Number 10s between the midfield and the forward line, where their innate ball control and improved reading of the game in the final third can serve to improve their teams' attacking options in tight spaces. An example is Internazionale use of veteran Luis Figo behind one or two other attackers.
In recent years there has been a trend of playing 'unorthodox' wingers - wide men stationed on the 'wrong' side of the pitch, in order to enable them to cut inside and shoot on their stronger foot. One example of this is the tactical use of Robin van Persie by Netherlands coach Marco van Basten at the 2006 World Cup; the Netherlands played with a front three of Arjen Robben wide left, target-man Ruud van Nistelrooy in the middle and the left-footed van Persie wide right. Such deployment usually leads to players being referred to as playing 'from the right' rather than 'on the right'. Similarly, former Newcastle United manager Sam Allardyce, who favours a front three, started the 2007-08 season with right-footed James Milner playing from the left, Mark Viduka as a centre forward and left-footed Obafemi Martins from the right, whilst at Manchester United it is common for right-footed Cristiano Ronaldo and left-footed Ryan Giggs to switch sides continually throughout a match.
Notable orthodox right-wingers currently playing include Joaquín, David Beckham and Mauro Camoranesi. Orthodox left-wingers include Florent Malouda, Vicente Rodríguez and Ryan Giggs.
'Unorthodox' right-wingers (left-footed) include Lionel Messi and Shunsuke Nakamura. Unorthodox left-wingers (right-footed) include Robinho, Ronaldinho and Franck Ribéry (who plays on the left for Bayern Munich but usually on the right for France).
Contemporary players who can play from either side include Simão Sabrosa, Ricardo Quaresma and Cristiano Ronaldo. In the 1970s, one of the foremost practitioners of playing from either flank was the German winger, Juergen Grabowski, whose flexibility helped Germany to third place in 1970, and a championship in 1974.
Strike teams and combinations
A strike team is two or more strikers that work well together to devastating effect. The history of soccer is filled with such effective combinations. Two player partnerships such as Dwight York and Andy Cole of the 1999 Manchester United treble winning squad, are well known, but also important to any attack are bigger groups of players who form distinct strike packages. Three-man teams often operate in "triangles", giving a wealth of attacking options. Four-man packages expand options even more. Whatever the number of players involved, the strikers must possess good technical skills, be creative and have a hunger for goal. Strikers must also be flexible, and be able to switch roles at a moment's notice, between the first (advanced penetrator position), second (deep-lying maneuver) and third (support and expansion, eg. wings) attacker roles.
Depicted is an illustration of strikers at work, from one of the most potent strike teams of the 20th century- Pele, Jairzonho and Tostao of Brazil. During Brazil's 1970 campaign, center-forward Tostao played the advanced penetration role of first attacker as described above in the article. Pele often dropped back into midfield not only to escape tight marking but to draw his markers with him, opening gaps and helping create attacks. The third attacker- the winger Jairzinho, often took an advanced position but specialized in working the right side of the field. In the semi-final against the ultra-defensive Uruguay, it is Pele who takes on the role of target man, dropping infield to receive from Jairzinho. Tostao becomes the second attacker and Pele finds him with a soft backheel. Jairzinho meanwhile becomes the most advanced man, sprinting far upfield to receive Tostoa's pass. This tight exchange put Jair through for a score, and illustrates how three strikers can work together to blow open the tightest defenses.
striker in Arabic: مهاجم (كرة قدم)
striker in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Нападнік (футбол)
striker in Catalan: Davanter (futbol)
striker in Danish: Angriber (fodbold)
striker in German: Stürmer (Fußball)
striker in Modern Greek (1453-): Κεντρικός επιθετικός
striker in Spanish: Delantero
striker in Persian: مهاجم (فوتبال)
striker in French: Dispositifs tactiques en football#L.27attaque
striker in Korean: 공격수
striker in Italian: Attaccante
striker in Hungarian: Csatár (poszt)
striker in Dutch: Aanvaller
striker in Japanese: フォワード (サッカー)
striker in Polish: Napastnik
striker in Romanian: Atacant (fotbal)
striker in Russian: Нападающий (футбол)
striker in Thai: กองหน้า
striker in Vietnamese: Tiền đạo (bóng đá)
striker in Ukrainian: Нападник (футбол)
striker in Chinese: 前鋒 (足球)